Natural ventilation is a key component of the passive design principles embodied
in our work, reflecting our commitment to provide thermal comfort and healthy indoor environments through the sustainable use of natural resources.
Research into biophilia reveals improvements in worker health and productivity, and patient recovery times, when environments incorporate living plants.
Concrete and other dense materials such as stone and fibre cement absorb and store thermal energy through their mass, thermal conductivity and exposed surface area.
Geometric modelling of buildings in response to solar geometry enables controlled solar exclusion or harvest while allowing ingress of daylight when needed.
We take an integrated approach to water management in projects of all scales to help to build a more resilient water cycle for our cities.
Cities and the buildings they contain are among the largest users of energy and the greatest contributors to climate change. Energy conservation measures improve the efficiency of our buildings and equipment, particularly through reducing energy loss from heated or cooled environments.
We select materials that are reusable or recyclable with low embodied energy and no unhealthy bi-products. Careful detailing reduces material waste and leads to future disassembly rather than demolition.